This website summarizes my Master Thesis 'Municipal Bees' in the Digital Media program at the University of the Arts Bremen, submitted and presented in August 2017.

Municipal Bees investigates the relation of man, nature and technology and tries to reintegrate nature in our everyday lives by inviting a part of undomesticated nature, the wild bee, into our urban habitats. By combining and experimenting with strategies and elements of both the technological and the biological realm, a concept of urban nesting interventions for wild bees was developed that is meant to act as an adapter between the untamed and the manmade world. Based on preceding research on the growing separation of man and nature as well as the wild bees’ specific needs and life styles, the resulting Hive Bomb project is an urban Wild Bee Guerilla that aims at the attraction of noncompliant behavior to motivate people to partake and save our bees.

The thesis is divided in a theoretical and a practical part. The theoretical part starts by investigating the relation of man and nature in regards to the growing separation between nature and the anthroposphere, the implications of the Anthropocene and the perception of urban 'pests'. The following chapter examines the situation of honeybees and wild bees in Germany as well as the wild bees' distinct way of life and existential needs. In the practical part, ways of interweaving technology and nature are explored in a series of considerations and experiments on function, material and form before the final project, Hive Bombs, was developed.

Please note that many of the following chapters are merely summaries of the original text and therefore do not include all explanations, references, thoughts, steps and results. Feel free to contact me at if you have any questions or are interested in the full PDF version of this thesis. You can find more of my work on my website,, and on Bēhance.

Annika Engelhardt, Bremen 2017

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